With the assistance of a few tools and knowledge of their factual abilities, hackers can perform security testing. While talking about hacking tools, remember that this is an inclusive topic and our list presents only a small amount of this area. The following tools have different experiences and are used for an extensive range of purposes. In other words, they are unparalleled. Let’s find out about the top 10 hacking tools.
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N-map or Network Mapper is a very well-known free open source hacker’s tool. It is mainly used for network discovery and performing security audits. It uses raw IP packets in creative ways to determine what hosts are available on the network, what services (submission name and version) those hosts are providing information about, what operating systems (fingerprinting) and what type and version of packet filters/firewalls are being used by the target. Nmap is cross-platform and works on Mac, Linux, and Windows. It has expanded huge popularity in the hacking community due to its comfort of use and powerful searching and scanning aptitudes.
John the Ripper is a password cracking tool that is most commonly used to perform dictionary attacks. The tool takes text string samples from a text file, referred to as a “word-list”, containing popular and multifaceted words found in a dictionary or real passwords cracked before, encrypting it in the same way as the password being cracked (including both the encryption algorithm and key, and comparing the output to the encrypted thread. This tool can also be used to perform a variety of alterations to dictionary attacks.
Metasploit is a vulnerability exploitation tool that can be considered as a collection of hacking tools and frameworks that can be used to execute various tasks. Its best-known open-source framework is a tool for developing and executing exploit code against a remote target machine. Metasploit is essentially a security framework that provides the user with critical information regarding known security vulnerabilities and helps to formulate penetration testing and IDS testing plans, strategies and methodologies for exploitation.
THC Hydra is another very common password cracker. It is worth mentioning that its team is continuously taking care of their project by updating it and helping the public. THC Hydra is a fast and stable network login hacking tool that will use a dictionary or brute-force attack to try various password and login mixtures against a login page. When you need to brute force crack a remote validation service, Hydra is often the tool of choice. It can perform quick dictionary attacks against more than 60 protocols, including Telnet, FTP, HTTP, HTTPS, SMB, several databases, and much more.
It is OWASP Zed Attack Proxy -ZAP is an easy to use integrated penetration testing tool for finding vulnerabilities in web applications. It is designed to be used by people with an extensive range of security experience and as such is ideal for creators and functional testers who are new to penetration testing as well as being a useful addition to an experienced pen testers toolbox. It has a lot of support and the OWASP community is an excellent resource for everyone involved in cybersecurity or working in this area.
WireShark is the network protocol analyzer tool that lets you check dissimilar things in your office or home network. You can live capture packages and analyze packets to find various things related to the network by checking the data at the micro-level. This tool is available for Windows, Linux, OS X, Solaris, FreeBSD, and other platforms. WireShark has been highly developed, and it includes filters, color-coding and other features that let the user dig deep into network traffic and inspect individual packets.
AirCrack-ng is a wireless hacking tool that is renowned because of its effectiveness in password cracking. It is an 802.11 WEP and WPA-PSK keys cracking, a hacking tool that can recover keys when sufficient data packets have been captured (in monitor mode). It is useful to know that Aircrack-ng implements standard FMS attacks along with some optimizations like Korea attacks, as well as the PTW attacks to make their attacks more potent. It is a highly recommended tool for those who are interested in wireless hacking. For wireless auditing and penetration testing, learning aircraft is essential.
Cain & Abel is a password recovery tool for Microsoft Operating Systems. It allows easy recovery of various kinds of passwords by sniffing the network, cracking encrypted passwords using Dictionary, Brute-Force, and Cryptanalysis attacks, recording VoIP conversations, decoding scrambled passwords, recovering wireless network keys, revealing password boxes, uncovering cached passwords and analyzing routing protocols.
Nikto is an Open Source (GPL) web server scanner that performs complete tests against web servers for multiple items, including over 6500 potentially dangerous files/CGIs, checks for outdated versions of over 1290 servers, and version specific problems on over 270 servers. It also checks for server configuration items such as the presence of multiple index files, HTTP server options, and will attempt to identify installed web servers and software. Scan items and plugins are frequently updated and can be automatically updated.
Maltego is a digital forensic tool that is used to deliver an overall cyber threat picture to the initiative or local environment in which an organization operates. The focus of Maltego is analyzing real-world relationships between information that is publicly accessible on the Internet. This includes foot-printing Internet infrastructure as well as gathering information about the people and organizations that own it. Maltego provides results in a wide range of graphical layouts that allow for the gathering of information, which makes seeing relationships instant and accurate. This makes it possible to see hidden influences, even if they are three or four degrees of separation apart.
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